C++ Programming

Duration: 5 days
Type: beginner

Description

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to programming in C++. A strong emphasis is placed on best practises for modern C++ development, including good OO design, using containers rather than arrays or char pointers and taking advantage of emerging standard libraries such as Boost.

Prerequisites

Delegates must have existing programming experience, typically in C, Perl, Java or C#. Prior exposure to OO concepts and UML class and sequence diagrams is helpful but not essential.

List of Modules

Introduction to C++

The history and evolution of C++
Different generations of C++ developers
Creating a basic program using streams
Declaring and working with variables
The pre-processor, compiler and linker
Understanding pre-processor directives
Placing declarations in header files
Placing definitions in source files
Compilation and linkage errors
Using guards in header files

Namespaces

How namespaces affect the scope of symbols
Compiling against the std namespace
Different forms of the using declaration
Creating your own namespaces
Working with nested namespaces
Unnamed namespaces and static functions
Defining an alias for a namespace

Types, Pointer and References

Declaring and using arrays and structs
Declaring and dereferencing pointers
Working with pointers to arrays
Working with pointers to structures
Practical uses of pointers to pointers
The const keyword and pointers
Callbacks and function pointers
Declaring and using references
Mixing pointers and references

Storage Management

Dynamically allocating memory
The delete and delete [] operators
Handling out of memory conditions
The placement new operator
Casting with static_cast, dynamic_cast, const_cast and reinterpret_cast
Using smart pointer classes

Functions

Function prototypes and definitions
Overloading a function name
Supplying default parameter values
Resolving overloaded functions
Explaining inline functions
The const type-qualifier

Object Oriented Development Part 1

Why use object oriented programming?
Creating a simple class declaration
Passing objects by value and pointer
Using forward references to classes
Adding fields and methods to classes
Working with static fields and methods
Adding constructors to classes
Copy and conversion constructors
Providing an assignment operator
Writing a destructor method

Object Oriented Development Part 2

Declaring constructors as explicit
Using initializer lists in constructors
Declaring methods as being constant
Using inheritance to create class hierarchies
Calling base constructors in derived objects
Protected fields verses protected helper methods
Implementing polymorphism with virtual methods
Creating abstract and pure virtual base classes

Object Oriented Development Part 3

Slicing derived objects during pass by value
Problems associated with hiding base methods
Overloading operators using methods
Overloading operators using free functions
Common issues with operator overloading
Reasons for overloading new and delete

Exception Handling

The syntax for exception handling
Understanding stack unwinding
Safely recovering from exceptions
Built in exception classes
Adding exception specifications
The syntax for function try blocks
When terminate() is called
When unexpected() is called

Templates

Creating Function Templates
Overloading Function Templates
Creating Class Templates
Functors as template parameters
Function templates as template parameters
How Templates are instantiated
Linkage issues with Templates
Fully specializing Templates
Partially specializing Templates
Using traits and policy classes
Code generation using Templates

The Standard Template Library

The evolution of the STL
Why std::string is a Template
Traversing containers with iterators
Using the sequential containers
Using the associative containers
Algorithms for searching containers
Algorithms for changing containers

The Boost Extensions to the STL

Creating and running Regular Expressions via Boost.Regex
Manipulating text with Boost.String_algo and Boost.Tokenizer
Building lambda expressions using Boost.Lamdba
Platform independent concurrency using Boost.Thread
Test Driven Development using Boost.Test
Review of the smart pointers in Boost.Smart_ptr
Review of the Boost libraries for meta-programming